Where am I Arbitrating?

  A) US

      i) Federal (FAA)
      ii) State (UAA & RUAA)

  B) Cross-Border Arbitration

      i) General Rules
      ii) Region Specific Rules

  • 1. Asia-Pacific
  • 2. South America
  • 3. Europe 

       iii) Enforcement

  • 1. New York Convention
     

a) US

Arbitration in the United States of domestic commercial disputes can be governed by the Federal Arbitration Act (9 U.S.C. §§1 et seq.) or state arbitration laws, and federal or state common law practices concerning the enforcement of arbitration agreements and arbitral awards. (Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses)

i)    Federal (FAA)

The purpose of the FAA is to ensure that the parties’ arbitration agreement is enforced as written. The FAA creates a narrow substantive body of federal law applicable to questions of enforceability and arbitrability, which is applicable in either a federal or state court. The Federal act generally preempts state law. (Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses)

ii)    State (UAA & RUAA)

Many state arbitration laws are based on the Uniform Arbitration Act (‘UAA’), which was revised in 2000 (i.e. the Revised UAA (‘RUAA’) (Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses)

  • The Uniform Arbitration Act (1956)
    Enacted by (less those that have also more recently enacted the RUAA): 

State

Year Enacted &
Corresponding Legislation

 Delaware   

 1976 (N/A)

 Georgia   

 1978 (N/A)

 Idaho   

 1975 (N/A)

 Indiana   

 1970 (N/A)

 Iowa   

 1981 (N/A)

 Kansas   

 1973 (N/A)

 Kentucky   

 1984 (N/A)

Maine   

 1968 (N/A)

Missouri   

 1980 (N/A)

Montana   

 1985 (N/A)

Nebraska   

 1997 (LB 151)

South Carolina

 1978 (N/A)

South Dakota

 1971 (N/A)

Virginia   

 1986 (N/A)


 

  • The Revised Uniform Arbitration Act (2000)
    Enacted by:

State


Year Enacted &
Corresponding Legislation

 Alaska

2004 (HB 83)

 Arizona

 2010 (HB 2430)

 Colorado

 2004 (HB04-1080)

District of Columbia 

 2008 (B17-50)

 Hawaii

 2001 (HB 462) 

 Minnesota

 2010 (HF 1692)

 Nevada

 2001 (SB 336)

 New Jersey

 2003 (SB 514)

 New Mexico

 2001 (HB 768)

 North Carolina

 2003 (SB 716)

 North Dakota

 2003 (SB 2061)

 Oklahoma

 2005 (HB1807/SB873)

 Oregon

 2003 (HB 2279)

 Utah

 2002 (SB 171)

 Washington

 2005 (HB 1054)

b) Cross-Border Arbitration

  i) General Rules

    1. CPR Rules for Non-Administered Arbitration of International Disputes
   
    2. CPR Global Rules for Accelerated Commercial Arbitration

    3. UNCITRAL

Incorporation of a set of institutional arbitration rules streamlines the…process. Various institutions have promulgated such arbitration rules. For international arbitrations, the United Nations Commission on International Trade (UNCITRAL) is an example. (Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses).

    4. International Chamber of Commerce Dispute Resolution Rules (ICC)

The International Chamber of Commerce Dispute Resolution Rules is another example of the above description. 

  ii) Region Specific Rules
    
    1. Asia-Pacific Institutions
        • Australian Centre for International Commercial Arbitration 
        • Bangladesh Council of Arbitration 
        • Beijing Arbitration Commission 
        • Cambodia's Arbitration Council 
        • China International Economic & Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC)  
        • Commercial Arbitral Institution in Japan  
        • Hong Kong International Arbitration Center 
        • India Council of Arbitration 
        • Korean Commercial Arbitration Board  
        • Kuala Lumpur Regional Center for Arbitration 
        • Vietnam International Arbitration Centre
        • Philippine Dispute Resolution Center, Inc. 
        • Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC) 
        • Tehran Regional Arbitration Centre

    2. South American Institutions
        • Arbitration Center of the American Chamber of Commerce of Peru
        • Argentine Chamber of Commerce Mediation and Arbitration Center
        • Câmara de Arbitragem Empresarial Brasil
        • Centro de Arbitraje de la Cámara de Comercio de Caracas
        • Centro de Arbitraje Internacional de la Cámara de Comercio de Santiago
        • Centro de Arbitraje de Mexico
        • Centro de Conciliación y Arbitraje de la Cámara Nacional de Comercio de Bolivia 
        • Centro de Mediación y Arbitraje de la Cámara de Comercio de Nicaragua
        • Centro de Arbitraje y Mediacion Paraguay
        • Comisión de Resolución de Conflictos de la Cámara de Industria de Guatemala
        • Corte de Arbitraje Internacional para el MERCOSUR, Bolsa de Comercio de Uruguay

    3. European Institutions
        • Belgian Centre for Arbitration and Mediation 
        • Centre de Mediation et d'Arbitrage de Paris 
        • Centre for Effective Dispute Resolution  (CEDR) 
        • Chamber of National and International Arbitration of Milan 
        • Danish Institute of Arbitration  
        • European Court of Arbitration 
        • German Institution of Arbitration 
        • London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) 
        • Malta Arbitration Centre 
        • Netherlands Arbitration Institute 
        • Scottish Branch of The Chartered Institute of Arbitrators  
        • Swiss Arbitration Association 
        • WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center

  iii) Enforcement

    1. New York Convention 

The Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, also known as the ‘New York Arbitration Convention’ or the ‘New York Convention,’ is one of the key instruments in international arbitration. The New York Convention applies to the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards and the referral by a court to arbitration. (Click here for a list of participating countries involved).

The information and resources on this website should not be construed as legal advice or opinion, or as a substitute for the advice of counsel.